What is Teak?
Teak (Tectona grandis) is a tropical hardwood tree species placed in the flowering plant family Lamiaceae. Some forms of teak are known as Burmese teak, Central Province teak (CP teak), as well as Nagpur teak. T. grandis is a large, deciduous tree that occurs in mixed hardwood forests. It has small, fragrant white flowers arranged in dense clusters (panicles) at the end of the branches.
Tectona grandis is native to south and southeast Asia, mainly Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Sri Lanka, but is naturalised and cultivated in many countries in Africa and the Caribbean.
Tectona grandis is found in a variety of habitats and climatic conditions from arid areas with only 500 mm of rain per year to very moist forests with up to 5,000 mm of rain per year. Typically, though, the annual rainfall in areas where teak grows averages 1,250-1,650 mm with a 3-5 month dry season.
Teak’s natural oils make it useful in exposed locations, and make the timber termite and pest resistant. Teak is durable even when not treated with oil or varnish. Timber cut from old teak trees was once believed to be more durable and harder than plantation grown teak. Studies have shown that plantation teak performs on par with old-growth teak in erosion rate, dimensional stability, warping, and surface checking, but is more susceptible to colour change from UV exposure.
Teak’s high oil content, high tensile strength and tight grain make it particularly suitable where weather resistance is desired. It is used in the manufacture of outdoor furniture and boat decks. It is also used for cutting boards, indoor flooring, countertops and as a veneer for indoor finishings. Although easily worked, it can cause severe blunting on edged tools because of the presence of silica in the wood.
Teakwood is used extensively in India to make doors and window frames, furniture, and columns and beams in old type houses. It is resistant to termite attacks and damage caused by other insects. Mature teak fetches a very good price. It is grown extensively by forest departments of different states in forest areas.
Leaves of the Teakwood tree are used in making Pellakai gatti (jackfruit dumpling), where batter is poured into a teak leaf and is steamed. This type of usage is found in the coastal district of Udupi in the Tulunadu region in South India. The leaves are also used in gudeg, a dish of young jackfruit made in Central Java, Indonesia, and give the dish its dark brown colour.
Teak is used as a food plant by the larvae of moths of the genus Endoclita and Lepidoptera, including the turnip moth.
Why Hybrid Agri’s Tissue culture Teak?
A conventional Teakwood plantation is susceptible to various diseases such as:
- Leaf blight
- Leaf rust
- Leaf spots
- Powdery mildew
We at Hybrid Agri use the Plant tissue culture techniques not only help you protect your yield from such diseases but also help you maximize the yield. With international boycotts of harvesting natural teak, the only alternative supply is cultivated plantations.
Our hybrid teak plants are grown from tissue cultures selected from certified seed which when cultivated using our intensive husbandry methods can be harvested within 7 to 9 years cycles, which is a massive advantage over the conventional period of 20 to 25 years. This proven method also delivers consistent tree quality which in turn gives higher yields and quality. This makes this a good & safe Investment with big return in 7-9 years.
At just six months our teak trees are already about 10 feet high. By year two, they are well established as young durable trees starting to gain considerable canopy mass and reach maturity by the 7th to 9th year.
Different stages of Tissue Cultured Teak plantation:
- First Year deep inter-ploughing of field has to be done.
- Raise the beds to avoid plants falling due to the wind.
- First Deep inter ploughing has to be done in the month of July before the onset of monsoon.
- After deep inter-ploughing, soil work has to be done immediately for 1.5 feet in diameter. The plant has to be stabilised by packing it with mud so that only 1/3rd of the total plant is exposed above the ground.
- Upturning of soil has to be done in the month of September.
- Application of fertilizer is to be done at the end of September with mixture DAP 10 grams, Urea 5 grams & Vermicompost 3kg Per Plant.
- Second Deep inter-ploughing has to be done at the end of October month.
- Upturning of soil: It has to be done in the month of March to protect the plants from coming summer.
- Fertilisers per plant in the second year: DAP 20grams, Urea 15 grams, Vermicompost 10kgs
- Fertilizers per plant in the third year: DAP 50 grams, Urea 25 grams & Vermicompost 10kgs.
Advantages of Hybrid Agri’s Tissue Cultured Teak:
- Tissue culture teak plants have the same characteristics of the mother plant, hence has no branches, and has a non-flaky trunk. The uniformity in height and girth results in excellent volume and quality wood.
- The mother plant is selected after 60 characteristic analysis, hence the clone is highly resistant to diseases and pests.
- Ready to harvest from 8th year
- Returns on yield would be high, as the formation is 75% heartwood and only 25% sapwood.
- Prevents up to 30% wind damage to other crops when chosen as a fencing plant because of its uniform growth.
- Can be planted throughout the year.
- Gives multifold returns against the investment after 15 years
Teak cultivation in India has seen major growth in the last few decades. We at Hybrid Agri Pvt Ltd, are among the top tissue culture teak suppliers in India. We will not only help you protect your yield from such plant diseases, but also help you maximize your output using our cutting-edge tissue culture technologies. We develop the tissue culture teak plants in sterile containers as a protection from pests and pathogens, as well as for convenience in transportation. Our tissue cultured teak plant price is extremely affordable, and provides value for money.
Our tissue culture teak plants not only give better yields than conventionally raised teak trees, but also grow to maturity in considerably less time. The tissue culture technique employed by us provides us the opportunity to maintain the optimum growth conditions, thereby resulting in uniform growth of plants. All of this enables us to produce disease-free and healthy plants which ultimately results in increased profitability.