What is a Bamboo?
The Bamboo is among the commercially cultivated crops in India, and is also considered as the ‘Poor man’s timber’. India is the second largest producer of Bamboo in the world after China. The annual production in the country is estimated at around 3.23 million tons.The north-eastern states have the most bamboo plantations in India.
The Bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae. There are about 1,200 species of Bamboo, of which 136 are indigenous to India.
Bamboo typically grows well in hot to warm temperate climates, where temperatures don’t fall below 15 degree Celsius in the summers. Due to having thin and shallow roots, Bamboos must be sheltered from strong winds.
A Bamboo Nursery can grow in a variety of soils except rock-strewn soils. Bamboos also require well drained sandy soil or clay soil, having a pH range of 4.5 to 6.0.
The Barack Valley region in Assam is best suited for Bamboo Plantation in India due to best soil and perfect climate.
The Indian government is keen on promoting bamboo cultivation. On November 23, it issued an ordinance to categorise cultivated bamboo as non-forest produce that can be transported without transit permits. Maharashtra has also shown interest towards this cause. It is interested in promoting bamboo as a source of income for farmers. In August last year, it created the Maharashtra Bamboo Development Board (MBDB) for this purpose. In India a large area is under Bamboo cultivation—11.4 million hectares, says TSK Reddy, the MBDB’s managing director.
Bamboo cultivation is a new frontier in sustainable development. This arises from several traits the Bamboo possesses, including:
- Bamboo groves are carbon sinks. As forests continue to be cleared for wood production and other needs, Bamboo can offer us an alternative to clearcutting. Bamboo absorbs more CO2 and produces more oxygen than the average hardwood tree. This makes it a valuable in fighting climate change.
- New techniques with bamboo as packaging material can help with our trash problem. There are packages being developed from bamboo, that unlike plastics will naturally degrade with time.
- Bamboo has been found to have tensile strength that rivals that of even steel. Tensile strength is the measure that determines how likely a material is to break. When bamboo stalks are cut and compressed, they can rival the strength of most steels.
- This strength lends itself very well to construction applications. These include support beams for heavy lifting and jacking operations. They can also be used for strong structural support in your home, apart from other architectural applications.
- Bamboo helps to prevent soil erosion. Erosion can destroy the top layer of soil and render the whole area barren. In areas where bamboo has been introduced to blighted soil, it was observed to have helped in regenerating the once fruitless soil.
We at Hybrid Agri Pvt Ltd are among the top tissue culture Bamboo Suppliers in India.
What is Plant Tissue Culture?
Plant Tissue Culture refers to a set of techniques which are used to grow or maintain a set of plant cells or tissues under sterile conditions on a nutrient culture medium of known composition. It is widely used to produce clones of a plant in a method known as micropropagation. Different techniques in plant tissue culture may offer certain advantages over traditional methods of propagation, including:
- The production of exact copies of plants that have certain desirable traits.
- To quickly produce mature plants.
- The production of multiple plants without seeds or necessary pollinators to produce seeds.
- The regeneration of whole plants from plant cells that have been genetically modified.
- The production of plants in sterile containers that allows them to be moved with greatly reduced chances of transmitting diseases, pests, and pathogens.
- To clear particular plants of viral and other infections and to quickly multiply these plants as ‘cleaned stock’ for horticulture and agriculture.
Why Bamboo Tissue Culture?
Bamboo Tissue Culture is becoming popular today because Bamboo is prone to many diseases. It is predominantly susceptible to ‘Decay Rot’ and ‘Armillaria Root Rot’ . Roots in moist or poorly drained soil are easily infected by the Armillaria fungus, which is also called ‘Oak Root fungus’.
The consequences are leaf discoloration, premature leaf shedding and death. Mushrooms can also cause root fungus in Bamboo plants. Air-borne fungi can cause decay rot after the Bamboo plant gets injured. Specific aphids, scales, mealybugs, and mites target bamboos exclusively.
The small, light-green, pear-shaped bugs called Bamboo aphids feed on the underside of the leaves, causing yellowing and drop-off. Bamboo pit scales appear as tiny, black, oval bumps on the leaves and stalks of infested plants but cause no damage. Bamboo spider mites create veils of silky webbing on the underside of leaves. They feed by piercing leaf tissue, causing stippling and yellowing.
Bamboo tissue cultures counteract this problem by producing exact clones of the plants having desirable traits, quickly growing mature plants, production of healthy plants in sterile conditions which are free from pests, etc.
What is Hybrid Agri’s Role?
We at Hybrid Agri Pvt Ltd are among the top tissue culture bamboo suppliers in India. We will not only help you protect your yield from such plant diseases, but also help you maximize your output using our cutting-edge tissue culture technologies. We develop the bamboo tissue culture plants in sterile containers as a protection from pests and pathogens, as well as for convenience in transportation.
Our bamboo tissue culture plants not only give better yields than conventionally raised bamboo crops, but also grow to maturity in considerably less time.The tissue culture technique employed by us provides us the opportunity to maintain the optimum growth conditions, thereby resulting in uniform growth of plants. All of this enables us to produce disease-free and healthy plants which ultimately results in increased profitability.
Bamboo cultivation is an emerging market in India which has seen major growth in the last few years, and Hybrid Agri Pvt Ltd’s tissue culture Bamboo can help you to transcend the market standards in the shortest duration.